Открытый урок английского языка по теме Winter holidays

  • Вербицкая Надежда Валерьевна, студентка
  • Лопаткина Ольга Викторовна, студентка

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Цели:

  • Развивающая: развитие коммуникативных, информационных и
    грамматических навыков.
  • Воспитательная: напомнить детям о британской культуре написания
    письма и узнать, как проводят зимние каникулы дети из других стран.
  • Практическая: повторить использование Present Simple, Present
    Continuous и усвоить разницу между структурами I like и I’d like.

Учебные задачи:

  • listening for detail
  • revising grammar
  • practicing grammar
  • reading for specific information
  • writing the letter

Оснащение урока: презентация.

Содержание урока:

Лексический материал: Речевой материал:
Revise: Christmas vocabulary Revise:

Present Simple (affirmative sentence)

Present Continuous (affirmative sentence)

I like +Ving

I ‘d like + to V1

The topic of the lesson:
“Winter Holiday”.

T: Good morning, class. I’m glad to see you. Sit down, please. How are
you?
Cl: I’m fine, thank you. How are you?
T: I’m fine, thank you. What date is it today?
Cl: Today is the … of ….
T: And what day of the week is it today?
Cl: Today is …

Warming-up: (Click.)

Slide № 2:

T: Class, look at the screen and try to guess what we will talk about
today?
Cl: We will talk about winter holiday.
T: Yes, you’re right. Where do you usually spend your winter holiday?
P1: In Norilsk.
P2: In Podolsk with my granny.

T: And what do you usually do? (Pre-listening)
P1: play snowballs
P2: make a snowman

T: Ok, good of you.

Presentation (этап урока – презентация материала):

Listening for detail:

T: Yesterday I got a letter from my friend Jane from England.
(Click.)

Slide №3:

T: She is writing to us about her winter holiday. Do you what to know
how she usually spends her winter holiday?
Cl: Yes.
T: I’m glad to hear that. Now you will listen to Jane’s letter. I want
you to follow your text (который на экране или в раздаточном материале) and be
ready to answer my questions about her winter holiday. Are you ready?
Cl: Yes.
T: Ok, let’s start. (Приложение 1 можно получить у автора статьи.)

… Tapesckript:…

Dear friends from Russia.
I’m writing to you from snowy Finland. And I want to tell you about my winter
holidays. I hope you would like to know about it!
Every year I go to Finland with my family for my winter holidays. It’s December
now and the weather is cold here. The white snowflakes are falling on the ground
and the snow is sparkling under the lanterns light.
Every day we help people to decorate their city with tinsel, lights and bright
lanterns for New Year festival. Also I like shopping with my mum for New Year
presents for our friends.
Last three days of my holidays I usually spend on New Year festival. We sing and
dance in a circle, go toboggan, make a snowman and play snowballs. But the most
interesting part of the festival is a Parade. When Santa comes on 12-reindeers
open-sleigh and brings presents for everyone.
Also I’d like to visit Lapland where Santa lives.
I’d like to know about your winter holidays. Where do you usually go? And what
do you usually do? Write me back as soon as you can!
Best wishes,
Jane.

T: And now tell me, please, where Jane usually spends her winter
holidays?
P1: In Finland.
T: Well. And what’s the weather like there?
P2: There cold and snowy.
T: Good of you. And what does Jane usually do there?
P3: She helps to decorate the city with tinsel, lights and
bright lanterns for New Year.
P4: Jane usually buys presents for her friends with her mum.
P5: She spends three days at New Year festival.
P6: She usually dances in a circle, toboggans, makes a snowman
and plays snowballs.
T: Excellent.

Practice (этап урока – отработка материала):

Revising the Present Simple and the Present Continuous (может
проходить на русском языке):

T: Now look at the letter again (в раздаточном материале) and tell me,
please, what time the letter refers to? (данный вопрос может быть задан
по-русски).
Cl: To the present time (к настоящему).
T: Right. Look through the letter and tell me what tenses are used in
this letter?
Cl: Present Simple and Present continuous. (Click.)

Slide № 4:

T: Yes, you’re absolutely right. Who can tell me when (in what cases)
we use the Present Simple?
P1: When we speak about the repeated action.
T: Yes. We use the Present Simple when we speak about the action which
repeats periodically. And how do we build the positive sentences in the Present
Simple? (Click.)
P2: На первое место мы ставим подлежащие, далее
глагол в первой форме. Если подлежащие стоит в третьем лице, то к глаголу
добавляем окончание -(e)s.
(Click.)
T: Great! Let’s look at the example (на экране): “I do my
homework every day. “She eats vegetables every morning.” Tell me what words help
us to understand that it is the Present Simple?
Cl: Every day, every morning.
T: What other words do you know?
Cl: Yesterday, every month, every year, sometimes, usually, always, often
and never.
T: Excellent! Is it clear for everyone that I’ve said about the Present
Simple?
Cl: Yes.
T: Ok. Let’s train. (name1), tell me what you do every day?
P1: I play computer games every day.
T: Ok. (name2), tell me what you do every morning?
P2: I brush my teeth every morning.
T: Ok. (name3), tell me what (name1) do every day?
P3: (name1) plays computer game every day.
T: Ok. (name4), tell me what (name2) do every day?
P4: (name2) brushes her teeth every morning.

Slide № 5:

T: Ребята, вы помните в каком случае мы прибавляем к глаголу окончание
-es
?
P1: Мы добавляем окончание -s
когда глагол заканчивается на -sh, -ch.
(Click.)
T: Right. Look at the examples in the screen: “teach – teaches,
push – pushes”. Ребята, а если слово заканчивается на букву
-y
какое мы добавляем окончание?
P2: Мы меняем букву -y на
букву -i и добавляем окончание
-es. (Click.)
T: Brilliant. Look at the examples in the screen: “study –
studies, fly – flies” Is it clear for everyone?
Cl: Yes.
T: Ok. Во всех остальных случаях мы добавляем просто окончание –s.
(Click.) Look at the examples in the screen:
“put – puts, decorate – decorates, hang – hangs”. Обратите внимание на слово “decorate”:
когда слово заканчивается на букву “e” мы также просто добавляем
окончание “s”. Is it clear?
Cl: Yes. (Click.)

Slide № 6:

T: Now let’s revise the Present Continuous. Who can tell me when (in
what cases) we use the Present Continuous?
P3: Когда мы говорим о действии, которое происходит в данный
момент.
T: Yes. We use the Present Continuous when we speak about the action
which is happening at the moment of speaking. The other case when we use Present
Continuous when we describe the atmosphere around you (background). For example:
“The snowflakes are falling and the strong wind is blowing.” Is it clear for
everyone?
Cl: Yes.
T: And how do we build the positive sentences in the Present Continuous?
(Click.)
P1: На первое место мы ставим подлежащие, далее
форму глагола to be и глагол с окончанием -ing
T: What forms of the verb to be do you know?
Cl: Am, is, are.
T: When do we use am (with what pronoun)?
P2: I am.
T: Right. When do we use is (with what pronouns)?
P3: He, she, it is.
T: Well. When do we use are (with what pronouns)?
P4: We, you, they are.
T: Good of you! (Click.) Let’s look
at the example (на экране): “I am swimming now. He is jumping now. We are
walking now. The sun is shining. The birds are
singing.” Tell me what words help us to understand that it is the Present
Continuous?
Cl: Now, at the moment.
T: Right. Is it clear for everyone that I’ve said about the Present
Continuous?
Cl: Yes.
T: Ok, let’s train. (name1), what are you doing now?
P1: I am sitting now.
T: Ok. (name2), what are you doing now?
P2: I am talking now.
T: Well. (name3), what is (name1) doing now?
P3: (name1) is sitting now.
T: Right. (name4), what is (name2) doing now?
P4: (name2) is talking now.

Practicing the Present Simple and the Present Continuous:

Ex.1

T: We’ve recalled all the rules of the Present Simple and the Present
Continuous and now let’s check how you’ve understood it.
(Click.)

Slide № 7:

T: Look at ex.1 in the screen (или
в раздаточном материале), please. Let’s do it one by one (можно сделать два
предложения всем классом, остальное дать на сам.работу и после проверить). You
will read the sentences and you need to choose the correct verb (in PS or PC).
Also you have to explain why you think it is right. Is it clear?
Cl: Yes.
T: Ok, (name1), start please.
P1: I go to the beach with my parents every morning.
Потому что с местоимением “I” мы не добавляем к глаголу окончание
-es
(click to check).
P2: We are playing volleyball now. Потому что в
предложении есть слово “now” – сейчас (click to check).
P3: My father listens to the different stories every
evening. Потому что в предложении есть выражение “every evening” – каждый вечер
(click to check).
P4: My friends and I go from house to house and sing
carols every Christmas. Потому что в предложении есть выражение “every Christmas”
– каждое Рождество (click to
check)
. (Click.)

Slide № 8:

P5: My mother buys some souvenirs for her friends
each holiday. Потому что “mother” это третье лицо (Она), а с местоимениями
третьего лица мы к глаголу добавляем окончание -es
(click to check).
P6: The snow is falling on the ground. Потому что это
описание окружающей обстановки (click to check).
P7: I always eat some traditional food in restaurants
at my holidays. Потому что в предложении есть слово “always” – всегда
(click to check).
P8: I am dancing in a ring with my friends now. Потому
что в предложении есть слово“now” – сейчас (click to
check)
.
P9: They are baking a fruitcake for Christmas now.
Потому что в предложении есть слово “now” – сейчас (click
to check)
.
P10: The strong wind is blowing. Потому что это
описание окружающей обстановки (click to check).
T: Well done!

Ex.2

T: Now let’s do a bit more difficult exercise.
(Click.)

Slide № 9:

T: Look at the screen (или в раздаточном материале), please. You will
read the sentences and you need to put the verb into the correct form (in PS or
PC). Also you have to explain why you think it is right. Is it clear?
Cl: Yes.
T: Let’s do it one by one (можно сделать два предложения всем классом,
остальное дать на сам.работу и после проверить). (name1), start
please.
P1: I go to Britain with my family for my winter holidays.
It’s our family tradition. Потому что это традиция, а значит, действие
повторяется с какой-то периодичностью (click to check).
P2: The weather is hot here. The sun is shining. Потому
что это описание окружающей обстановки (click to check).
P3: Every day we play volleyball on the beach. Потому
что в предложении есть выражение “every day” (click to
check)
.
P4: We are playing snowballs. My mother looks very
happy. Мама выглядит очень счастливой, значит, действие происходит сейчас
(click to check).
P5: People prepare their city for the New Year. It’s an
old tradition. Потому что это традиция, а значит, действие повторяется с
какой-то периодичностью (click to check).
P6: My mother is helping my granny to bake the
fruitcake for Christmas dinner. They always do it altogether as now. Потому что
в предложении есть слово “now” (click to check).
P7: The winter is coming here. The weather is
becoming
colder and colder. Потому что это описание окружающей обстановки
(click to check).
P8: My father helps my granny in the garden sometimes.
Потому что в предложении есть слово “sometimes” – иногда
(click to check)
.
T: Excellent!

Revising the difference between I like and I’d like:
(Click.)

Slide 10:

T: Now I want you to look through the Jane’s letter again (в
распечатках). What expression does Jane use when she wants to say “мне
нравится…”?
Cl: I like…
T: Right. And what expression does she use when she wants to say “Я бы
хотела…”?
Cl: I’d like…
T: Good of you! And who can tell me the difference in usage of these two
expressions? For example: “I like shopping with my mum” and “I’d
like
to visit Lapland”. (Click.)
P1: С выражением “I like” мы используем глагол с
окончанием -ing, а с выражением “I’d like” мы
используем глагол в первой форме с частицей to.
T: Yes, you’re absolutely right! (Click.)
Look at the examples in the screen: “I like swimming in the sea” – мне нравится
плавать в море, and “I’d like to go to Australia for my winter holiday” – я бы
хотела поехать в Австралию на зимние каникулы. Is it clear for everyone?
Cl: Yes.

Ex.3

T: Ok, let’s train. (Click.)

Slide № 11:

T: Look at ex.3 in the screen (или в распечатках). You need to read
the sentences and put the verbs into the correct form. Т.е. нужно поставить либо
добавить к глаголу окончание -ing, либо
добавить частицу to. Is it clear?
Cl: Yes.
T: Ok, let’s do it one by one (можно сделать два предложения всем
классом, остальное дать на сам.работу и после проверить). (name1),
start please.
P1: I like walking in the centre of the town
(click to check).
P2: I’d like to see the beautiful fountain in the
centre of the town (click to check).
P3: In winter I like tobogganing on the high hills
(click to check).
P4: My father and I like fishing in the small lake near
granny’s house (click to check).
P5: My family and I would like to visit Japan for the
next holidays (click to check).
P6: I like cooking with my granny
(click to check)
.
P7: My mother would like to spend much more time at the
beach (click to check).
P8: My father would like to work in a garage instead of
going to the beach (click to check).
T: Well done!

Reading for specific information (summarizing all grammatical material of
the lesson):
(Click.)

Slide № 12:

T: Yesterday, I got a letter from my friend Danny. He also wrote about
his winter holiday. It’s very interesting but he’s German and his English is
very bad. We have already revised some grammar structures and now I want you to
help me to correct all the mistakes in his letter. Do you want to help me?
Cl: Yes.
T: Very well! You will read one sentence from the letter one by one. You
need to see and correct the mistake in it or just say if it is correct (в
презентации есть подсказки, ошибки подчёркиваются красной линией после клика,
один клик – одно подчёркивание). Is it clear?
Cl: Yes.
T: Ok, (name1), start please.
… Text…

(C исправленными ошибками, выделенными полужирным
шрифтом/)

(You need to click every time when you need to show the mistake with
underline it in the text/)

Dear friends from Russia.
I am writing to you from sunny Egypt. And I want to tell you about
my winter holidays. I hope you would like to know about it!
Every year I go to Egypt with my family for my winter holidays. It’s
December now. But in Egypt the weather is very hot. Today the sun is shining
and the warm wind is blowing.
Every day I spend at the beach. I like swimming in the sea
building castles from the sand. It the afternoon I go to the town with my
parents. My mother likes shopping there. After that we back to the hotel. We
like spending this time with our friends.
Also I’d like to visit pyramids and sphinx. And I’d like to ride a camel.

I’d like to know about your winter holidays. Where do you usually go? And
what do you usually do? Write me back as soon as you can!
Best wishes,
Danny.
T: It was brilliant!

Production (этап урока – продукция):

Writing the letter (home task):

T: I’m very thankful for your help. (Click.)

Slide № 13:

T: At home, I want you to answer Jane’s or Danny’s letter. You should
write about your winter holidays. Where do you usually go and what you usually
do. Is it clear?
Cl: Yes.
T: Don’t forget about the structure of the letter! Do you remember it?
Cl: Yes (если нет, следует быстро проговорить указав на пример в письме с
презентации или распечаток).
T: Well, you should write only 120–150 words in your letter (не считая
артикли).

Sizing up: (Click.)

Slide № 14:

T: You were working very well today and I’m very glad. Your marks: …
The lesson is over, you may be free. Good bye.

Приложение 2. Структура урока.

Приложение 3. Раздаточный материал.

Приложение 4. Ответы.

Приложение 5. Фото.


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